V+ 고 있다 [Korean Grammar] 

 November 1, 2023

By  Uruba Kashish

Let's learn how to use "V+ 고 있다 [Korean grammar]and make some example sentences.

V+고 있다 (Korean Grammar)


V+고 있다 Korean grammar pattern is used to make continuous verb ending which shows that some action is going on currently.


V+고 있다 grammar is used with verbs. The first step of ‘V+고 있다’ conjugation is to remove ‘다’ from the base form of the verb.

  •  Take the stem of the verb and directly add 고 있다 to that.

So let's take a verb 먹다(to eat). if you remove 다 from 먹다, 먹 (stem) is left. And then, Directly add 고 있다 to it.

so it becomes 먹고 있다.

"V+ 고 있다" can be used in the present, past and the future:

Let's take a common example to understand it better.

" 책을 읽다" when you conjugate it with V+고 있다 grammar it become 책을 읽고 있다.

Now let's make the same sentence in present, past and future tenses.


When an action is in progress sometimes in the present, '고 있어요' is used.

  • 책을 읽고 있어요. (I’m reading a book.)
-고 있다- PAST TENSE:
when the action was in progress sometimes in the past, '고 있었어요' is used.
  • 책을 읽고 있었어요. (I was reading a book.)

when an action will be in progress sometimes in the future, ‘고 있을 거예요’ is used.

  • 책을 읽고 있을 거예요. (I will be reading a book.)


  • 밥을 먹고 있어요. (I am eating food.)
  • 짐에 가고 있어요. ( I am going home.)
  • 아제 숙제 하고 있었어요. (I was doing my Homework yesterday.)
  • 요리를 하고 있었어요. (I was cooking.)
  • 주말에는 여행을 하고 있을 거예요. ( I will be travelling on weekend.)
  • 다음 주 화요일에 시험을 보고 있을 거예요. ( I'll be giving exam on next Wednesday.)

Uruba Kashish

URUBA KASHISH is a Korean language instructor at LKI. She has a passion for Korean language educational content development and helping Korean language learners.

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