Lesson 3 – Making Korean Syllables and Words 

 August 17, 2017

By  Satish Satyarthi

In Lesson 1, we learnt about Korean script Hangeul and in Lesson 2, we learnt to read and write Hangeul vowels and consonants. Welcome to the 3rd lesson on Learn Korean in India. In this lesson, we will learn how to combine Korean consonants and vowels to make syllable and words. This lesson has been divided into two parts. In the first part, we will understand the Korean syllable structure and learn to make basic words combining one vowel and one syllable. In the second part we will learn complex syllables made with one consonant, one vowel and then one final consonant, also known as Patchim in Korean. In this part we will also learn how the pronunciations of different Hangul letters change depending on where they appear in a word.

What you will learn in this lesson –
1. Understand the syllable structure in Korean language
2. How to combine consonants and vowels to make syllables and words
3. Patchim or final consonants
4. Change in pronunciation of Korean characters depending on their position in the syllable or word.

After finishing this lesson you should be able to read Korean text.

Video Lesson 3 – Part 1

Video Lesson 3 – Part 2

Pronunciation of Korean Letters 


Pronunciation of letters depending on their place in a word

In the beginning of a word

In the middle of a word

As final consonant (Patchim)


(Kh) (G)


(N) (N) (N)

(Th) (D) (T)
(R) (R)


(M) (M)


(Ph) (B)


स/श (S/Sh) स/श (S/Sh)


(No Sound) (No Sound) अं/न्ग/ङ/ (Ng)

(Chh) ज (J)


च्छ (Chh’) च्छ (Chh’) (T)

क्ख (Kh’) क्ख (Kh’) (K)

त्थ (Th’) त्थ (Th’) (T)
प्फ (Ph’) प्फ (Ph’)


(H) (H) (T)
(K) (K)


(T) (T)


(P) (P)


स/श (S/Sh) स/श (S/Sh)


च (Ch) च (Ch)

त (T)

Download Korean Script Pronunciation Chart

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Satish Satyarthi

I am Satish, a Korean language learner and educator. I did my Bachelors degree in Korean language from JNU, Delhi and Masters degree in Korean Language Education from Seoul National University, South Korea. and an M.Phil. in Korean from JNU. I have a passion for education and technology. I have been involved in Korean language education and research for more than 10 years and have trained hundreds of Korean language learners across the globe, online and in physical classrooms.

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  1. Thank you so much for this explanation on Consonants. Could you please help us learn Diphthongs also in this format.

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