Verb+(으)면 [Korean Grammar] 

 February 22, 2024

By  Uruba Kashish

Let's learn how to use "V+(으)면 [Korean grammar]and make some example sentences.

V+(으)면 (Korean Grammar)

USE:

V+(으)면 Korean grammar is a connector and used with verbs only.

Its equals to "If" in English.

CONJUGATION RULE:

V+(으)면 grammar is used with verbs. The first step of ‘V+(으)면’ conjugation is to remove ‘다’ from the base form of the verb.


  • If the verb stem is ending with a final consonant (받침), we use v+ (으) 면.
  • If the verb stem is ending with any vowel( without patchim) then ‘V+면’ is used. 

So let's take a verb 먹다(to eat). if you remove 다 from 먹다, 먹 (stem) is left. And then, look at the stem. So in the 먹, is ending with final consonant i.e. Patchim.

According to the conjugation rule, if the stem is end with Patchim, we add (으)면.

so it becomes 먹으면.

Example:

1. 먹다- To Eat

먹으면. (If I eat.)

2. 가다 - To go

가면 ( If I go)

EXAMPLE SENTENCES:

  • 지하철을 타면 빨리 갈 수 있어요.( If you take subway, you can go fast)
  • 배가 아프면 병원에 가세요. (If your stomach hurts, go to hospital.)
  • 저는 매운 음식을 먹으면 배가 아파요. ( If I eat spicy food, My stomachache)
  • 주말에 날씨가 좋으면 바다에 가자.(If the weather is nice on the weekend, let’s go to the sea.)
  • 좋은 사람 있으면 나에게 좀 소개해 줘. (If you have a good person, please introduce them to me.)

Uruba Kashish


Uruba Kashish completed her schooling in Commerce, bachelor's in English literature& Education. Currently doing her Masters in Translation studies (MATS). She is working as a Educational content writer with reputed websites like LKI, Annyeong India & TOPIK Guide. She is a Korean language and culture enthusiast and has been working across multiple disciplines which broadly addresses narratives of similarities between Korean and Indian culture. Apart from being a content writer at LKI, she is a Korean language Instructor at LKI. She manages Annyeong India website as Creative Head and has had her pieces published in TOPIK GUIDE website as well. In her other life, she is a rising entrepreneur, life enthusiast and a learner and is involved with multiple Korean-Indian projects. We are a team of passionate researchers from Seoul National University specializing in Korean language and linguistics. We are committed to helping international students prepare for the TOPIK test. You can connect with us.

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