Verb+(으)면서 [Korean Grammar] 

 April 16, 2024

By  Uruba Kashish

Let's learn how to use "V+( 으) 면서 [Korean grammar]and make some example sentences.

V+(으) 면서 (Korean Grammar)


This grammar is used to express that the actions of the first and second verbs occur simultaneously. 

It is equal to "while" in English.


When following the verb, The first step of 'V+(으)면서' conjugation is to remove ‘다’ from the base form of the verb.

  • If the verb stem is ending with a final consonant (받침), we use 'V+으 면서'.
  • If the verb stem is ending with any vowel( without patchim) then 'V+ 면서' is used. 

So let's take a verb 먹다(to eat). if you remove 다 from 먹다, 먹 (stem) is left. And then, look at the stem. So in the 먹, is ending with final consonant i.e. Patchim.

According to the conjugation rule, if the stem is end with Patchim, we add (으)면서.

so it becomes 으면서

So, if you want say- "I watch TV while eating the food." 

Then, you'll say- "밥을 으면서 Tv를 봐요."


  • 음악을 들으면서 공부를 해요.
    I listen to music while I study.
  • 요리하면서 노래를 해요.
    I sing song while cooking.
  • 커피를 마시면서 영화를 봐요.
    I drink coffee while watching TV.
  • 밥 먹으면서 드라마를 봐요.
    I watch TV while eating food.
  • 김밥 먹으면서 일했어요.
    I ate kimbap while doing work.
  • 운동 하면서 음악을 들어요.
    I listen to the music while Exercising.
  • 자동차를 운전하면서 미나랑 이야기 했어요.
    I talked with Mina while driving.

Uruba Kashish

Uruba Kashish completed her schooling in Commerce, bachelor's in English literature& Education. Currently doing her Masters in Translation studies (MATS). She is working as a Educational content writer with reputed websites like LKI, Annyeong India & TOPIK Guide. She is a Korean language and culture enthusiast and has been working across multiple disciplines which broadly addresses narratives of similarities between Korean and Indian culture. Apart from being a content writer at LKI, she is a Korean language Instructor at LKI. She manages Annyeong India website as Creative Head and has had her pieces published in TOPIK GUIDE website as well. In her other life, she is a rising entrepreneur, life enthusiast and a learner and is involved with multiple Korean-Indian projects. We are a team of passionate researchers from Seoul National University specializing in Korean language and linguistics. We are committed to helping international students prepare for the TOPIK test. You can connect with us.

related posts:

Leave a Reply:

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

Learn Korean with Dr. Satish Satyarthi

on LKI YouTube Channel