​N+ 동안, V+ 는 동안 [Korean Grammar] 

 April 8, 2024

By  Uruba Kashish

Let's learn how to use "N+동안, V+는 동안 [Korean grammar]and make some example sentences.

N+ 동안,V+동안 (Korean Grammar)


This grammar is used to express the length of time starting when a certain action or behavior begins and lasting until it ends. 

It is equal to "while doing", "during" in English.


When following a Noun, 동안 Is used.


For example:

한 시간 동안 공부했어요. ( I study for one hour.)

When following the verb, The first step of 'V+는동안' conjugation is to remove ‘다’ from the base form of the verb. And then directly add -는 동안 to the verb.

So let's take a verb 먹다(to eat). if you remove 다 from 먹다, 먹 (stem) is left. And then, look at the stem. So in the 먹, you'll directly add- 는 동안.

so it becomes 먹는 동안.

So, if you want say- "It was really hot while eating the food." 

Then, you'll say- "점심을 먹는 동안 아주 더웠어요."


  • 얼마 동안 한국에 있을 거 예요?
    How long will you be in Korea?
  • 방학 동안 아르바이트를 해요.
    I work part-time during vacation.
  • 밥 먹는 동안 드라마를 봐요.
    I watch TV while eating food.
  • 비행기로 2시간 동안 쯤 걸릴 거예요.
    It will take around two hours by plane.
  • 요리하는 동안 음악을 들어요.
    I listen to the music while cooking.
  • 자동차를 운전하는 동안 음악을 들어요.
    I listen to music when driving.
  • 미국에 사는 동안 영어를 연습 많이 했어요.
    While living in USA, I Practice English a lot.


It is similar to “Noun – 때 and Verb – (으)ㄹ 때” Korean grammar pattern we’ve already learnt about in the previous post.

Uruba Kashish

Uruba Kashish completed her schooling in Commerce, bachelor's in English literature& Education. Currently doing her Masters in Translation studies (MATS). She is working as a Educational content writer with reputed websites like LKI, Annyeong India & TOPIK Guide. She is a Korean language and culture enthusiast and has been working across multiple disciplines which broadly addresses narratives of similarities between Korean and Indian culture. Apart from being a content writer at LKI, she is a Korean language Instructor at LKI. She manages Annyeong India website as Creative Head and has had her pieces published in TOPIK GUIDE website as well. In her other life, she is a rising entrepreneur, life enthusiast and a learner and is involved with multiple Korean-Indian projects. We are a team of passionate researchers from Seoul National University specializing in Korean language and linguistics. We are committed to helping international students prepare for the TOPIK test. You can connect with us.

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