N+때 , V+ 을때 [Korean Grammar] 

 March 16, 2024

By  Uruba Kashish

Let's learn how to use "N+때, V+을 때 [Korean grammar]and make some example sentences.

N+ 때,V+을 때 (Korean Grammar)


This grammar is used to express the time when an action or state occurs or its duration.

It is equal to "while doing", "during" in English.


When following a Noun, 때 Is used.


For example:

수업 떄 숙제를 해요. ( He is doing hw during the class.)

When following the verb, The first step of 'V+을때' conjugation is to remove ‘다’ from the base form of the verb.

  • If the verb stem is ending with a final consonant (받침), we use 'V+을 때'.
  • If the verb stem is ending with any vowel( without patchim) then 'V+ ㄹ 때' is used. 

So let's take a verb 먹다(to eat). if you remove 다 from 먹다, 먹 (stem) is left. And then, look at the stem. So in the 먹, is ending with final consonant i.e. Patchim.

According to the conjugation rule, if the stem is end with Patchim, we add을 때.

so it becomes 을 때.

So, if you want say- "I watch TV while eating the food." 

Then, you'll say- "밥을 을 때, Tv를 봐요."


  • 여름 때 고향에 가요.
    I go to my hometown during summer.
  • 방학 때 아르바이트를 해요.
    I work part-time during vacation.
  • 밥 먹을 때 드라마를 봐요.
    I watch TV while eating food.
  • 10 살 때 사진이에요.
    This is a picture when I was 10 years old.
  • 요리할 때 음악을 들어요.
    I listen to the music while cooking.
  • 자동차를 운전할 때 음악을 들어요.
    I listen to music when driving.
  • 저녁 때 운동해요.
    I do exercise in the evening.
  • 미국에 살았을 때 영어를 배웠어요.
    When I lived in USA, I learned English.

Uruba Kashish

Uruba Kashish completed her schooling in Commerce, bachelor's in English literature& Education. Currently doing her Masters in Translation studies (MATS). She is working as a Educational content writer with reputed websites like LKI, Annyeong India & TOPIK Guide. She is a Korean language and culture enthusiast and has been working across multiple disciplines which broadly addresses narratives of similarities between Korean and Indian culture. Apart from being a content writer at LKI, she is a Korean language Instructor at LKI. She manages Annyeong India website as Creative Head and has had her pieces published in TOPIK GUIDE website as well. In her other life, she is a rising entrepreneur, life enthusiast and a learner and is involved with multiple Korean-Indian projects. We are a team of passionate researchers from Seoul National University specializing in Korean language and linguistics. We are committed to helping international students prepare for the TOPIK test. You can connect with us.

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