ADJ+(으)ㄴ 것 같다 [Korean Grammar] 

 March 9, 2024

By  Uruba Kashish

Let's learn how to use "Adj+ (으)ㄴ 것 같다 [Korean grammar]and make some example sentences.

V+(으)려고 (Korean Grammar)


Adj+ (으)ㄴ 것 같다 Korean grammar pattern is used to express the speaker's guess or prediction. 

It is equal to "It seems, "I think" in English.


Adj+ (으)ㄴ 것 같다 grammar is used with adjective. The first step of ‘Adj+ (으)ㄴ 것 같다’ conjugation is to remove ‘다’ from the base form of the adjective.

  • If the adj. stem is ending with a final consonant (받침), we use 'Adj+ 은 것 같다'.
  • If the adj. stem is ending with any vowel( without patchim) then 'Adj+ㄴ 것 같다' is used. 

So let's take an adjective 바쁘다(to be busy). if you remove 다 from 바쁘다, 바쁘 (stem) is left. And then, look at the stem. So in the 바쁘, is ending without final consonant i.e. Patchim.

According to the conjugation rule, if the stem is end without Patchim, we add-ㄴ 것 같다.

so it becomes 바쁜 것 같다.

So, if you want say- "He look like busy." 

Then, you'll say- "바쁜 것 같아요."


  • 이 책이 비싼 것 같아요.
    (This books seems expensive.)
  • 날씨가 너무 추운 것 같아요.
    (The weather seems really cold.) 
  • 물을 진짜 따뜻한 것 같아요.
    (The water seems really warm.)
  • 미나 씨가 피곤한 것 같아요.
    (Mina seems like tired.)
  • 앤디 씨 머리가 아픈 것 같아요.
    (It looks like Andy is having headache.)

"Adj+ (으)ㄴ 것 같다" can be used in the present, past and the future:

Let's take a common example to understand it better.

" 바쁘다- To be busy" 

Now let's make the same sentence in present, past and future tenses.

-은/ㄴ 것 같다- PRESENT TENSE:
  • 앤디 씨가 바쁜 것 같아요. (It seems like Andy is busy.)
-았던/었던 것 같다- PAST TENSE:
  • 앤디 씨가 바빴던 것 같아요. (It seems like Andy was busy.)
-ㄹ/을 것 같다- FUTURE TENSE:
  • 앤디 씨가 바쁠 것 같아요. (It seems like Andy will be busy.)

Uruba Kashish

Uruba Kashish completed her schooling in Commerce, bachelor's in English literature& Education. Currently doing her Masters in Translation studies (MATS). She is working as a Educational content writer with reputed websites like LKI, Annyeong India & TOPIK Guide. She is a Korean language and culture enthusiast and has been working across multiple disciplines which broadly addresses narratives of similarities between Korean and Indian culture. Apart from being a content writer at LKI, she is a Korean language Instructor at LKI. She manages Annyeong India website as Creative Head and has had her pieces published in TOPIK GUIDE website as well. In her other life, she is a rising entrepreneur, life enthusiast and a learner and is involved with multiple Korean-Indian projects. We are a team of passionate researchers from Seoul National University specializing in Korean language and linguistics. We are committed to helping international students prepare for the TOPIK test. You can connect with us.

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